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Ecologia del estanque

The Idea of a pond, is also that of an ecosystem and as such must be stable and self-sustaining, to achieve this there are different kinds of aquatic plants, and each group has a special role within the system, they are all equally important other groups need to get the whole thing work.


The pond as an ecosystem, carries a temporary succession to achieve the state of Climax (Stabilization), pass through initial periods, where the algae take by assault the water due to its high capacity of reproduction, but the work of different types of plants and fish, will make by reducing its service litter competition, making the pond has clear water and healthy for living things that inhabit it.


We distinguish 4 types of aquatic plants:


Rooted (Level Aquatic)

Floating leaves, Roots Growing in soil. Are in the deepest area of a pond, rooted to the bottom, from 40 to 90 cm.


Its leaves provide shade and prevent algae growth that need the sun to grow, helping to keep the water clear. The shadow generated in turn helps the regulation of body temperature of water, avoiding overheating harmful to all living beings on the pond. For his flowers and bearing are the most beautiful ornately talking.


Examples: water lilies, lotus , Water Poppy

arraigadas nenufares arraigadas lotos arraigadas amapolita


Floating (Floating Level)

Float on the surface and their roots are free in the water rather than rooted in pots or in the background. Like the deep water, their leaves provide shade and prevent algae growth, helping to keep the water clear.

Given the activity of their roots are also other important functions in the oxygenation and absorption of nitrates and phosphates cause algal toxicity and, besides being used as a shelter for eggs and small fish.


Exanples: : water hyacinths, water lettuce, Duckweed, water ferns

flotantes repollito de agua flotante lentejita de agua flotante camalote


3. Submerged ( Subacuatic Level)

The leaves of these plants release oxygen into the water helping the lives of others living in the water, turn absorb minerals and carbon dioxide, thus hindering the development of algae.


Remain completely submerged except for the flowers, which may come to the surface.


Ejxamples: Pondweed, Parrot feather, Coontail.

oxigenadora elodea oxigenadora vallisneria oxigenadora acuario pecera


Marginal Plants (Emergent Levell)

They are in the "shelves" of the pool and terraces to the edge, leaving 5 to 10 cm. water above the neck. The roots, therefore, are in the water. Most of these species can live without water standing on their roots, but need lots of watering.


Naturally bring the whole to make the transition from the pond and garden

Examples: Papyrus, Cottontail, Rush, water irises .

palustre totora palustre papiro palustre junco

Different depths of placement of plants



ubicacion profundidad de plantas