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plantacion estanque

How to place aquatic plants in the pond

The floating species (water hyacinths, water Lettuce, water fern, Duckweed) are placed directly into the water.

 

Oxygen species (elodeas, Vallisneria), are submerged in the background so they can tie them in bunches, with a little ballast (a stone for example)

 

Deep-water species (water lilies, lotus, water poppies ) and Marginal Plants (papyrus, cattail, rush, iris) whether they should be planted in containers, in this way, it will be removed from the pond for maintenance, fertilizing, and transplanting site change when substrate is depleted.


Containers

Appropriate containers for water lilies, whether as Tropical Perennials are baskets of plastic, coated inside with partial shade or newspaper to prevent soil from overflowing. This allows for good root development, which will result in better growth of the vegetative and better flowering. These baskets of at least 30 cm in diameter, turn light, which facilitates handling.

 

Containers suitable for Lotos, should not have holes, are of a diameter greater than 60 cm, given the profuse growth of this species and should be of circular section, which lock prevents the growth of the rhizome. The height of the container should be at least 30 cm.

 

Containers suitable for Marginal or Bog Plants, depending on the size and tonnage of the different species. The most common are containers of 6 to 8 liters is enough for a good development


Soil

The most advisable to place soil in the pots is heavy Loam , or mixture of black soil land with some more heavy (clay) becomes like the texture and structure to the natural conditions of the bottom of a pond.

 

The organic soil must not have received chemical fertilizers (a minimal presence of phosphates kill fish in 2 to 3 days).

 

 

plantado de nenufares colocacion de nenufares planting waterlilly planting waterlillies

Fertilization

In the nutrition of aquatic plants, specialty fertilizers are used, with a higher content of phosphorus and nitrogen containing less than 10%. (Especially for water lilies). (See Fertilizer).

 

These fertilizers do not affect the fish and do not cause algae blooms. Apply 4 times a year. 1 time in spring, 2 in summer and 1 in autumn before the winter break. The choice for this type of chemical fertilizers, natural fertilizers are: Using Worm as a source of nitrogen and microelements and bone meal, which accounts for phosphorus and potassium needed for rapid growth and rooting.


Planting Water Lilies

Before placing the water lilies in the pot is recommended cutting some roots, is placed a base substrate, fertilizer is applied at the edges so that it is below the roots. Enters the plant and filled with substrate to the neck.

Finally it covers the surface of the pot with a layer of 3-5 cm. sand, to avoid overflowing the land to enter the pot in the pond, in case of fish it is recommended to add a layer of gravel or pebbles to avoid so they can remove the substrate and the ground barefoot.


Planting time

The best time to plant is spring to late summer. At this time the plants light up quickly with the water temperature is higher. In the case of the lilies, planting is recommended to start a little early, middle or end of winter, so there is time to bloom in early summer.

 

Most aquatic plants are tropical or subtropical origin, so that in winter with low temperatures, many of them wither or retreat, to sprout in spring.

 

Despite this some of them resisted this season, hardies water lilies change the color of its leaves and withdrawn but remain on the surface. Some if minimally protects also exist. Example: Duckweeds sprouts and water ferns. The sumerged plants stop growing but remain smooth. An unusual case is the Aponogeton, that not only falls but blooms in winter.

 

MArginals species are most resistant Equisetum, Iris Loussiana, acorus And some types of rushs.

 

In the case of species not resist, should select the best and put them in pots with soil and some water, and protect indoors in the spring is loose in the pond again


Planting depth

For Water Lillies, it should take place from the edge of the pot until the water surface about 40 cm or more. This is ideal, but with only 25-30 cm of water above are also developed. If the plant is small, it should first have it above, placing bricks under the pot, leaving 15-25 cm thick of water over the pot, and as it grows, lowering it by removing the bricks go.

 

The ninfoides and Water Poppies, require less depth with only 30 cm are developed, for this reason are recommended for small ponds

 

The Lotos, only require between 8-15 cm of water over the pot as it grows the depth must increase.

 

It should slowly introduce the recipient to go wet soil. Not to worry if something comes out and all in 48 hours is all the background.

 

 

estanque pond

 


Other tips

Plants should cover no more than 3/4 of the total area of the pond. The fish need some open water swimming as well and better gas exchange.

 

The submerged plants must be placed 2 plants per m2 of pond surface. The best is a mixture of several species. Examples. Ceratophyllum, Vallisneria, Elodea.

 

The fish eat the plants. Depending on the species, Koi carp are sometimes eaten Elodea and Vallisneria. You should experiment with different plants and see which one you do not touch. If you eat all means they lack in their daily diet plant.

 

The fish eat their own eggs if there are no aquatic plants. If eggs are not observed, indicating that plants are needed. The little fish Use the submerged plants to hide.